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Managing Diabetic Foot Swelling and Top of Foot Edema


Edema DiabetesDiabetes is a chronic metabolic condition that affects millions of people worldwide. One of the most common complications of diabetes is foot swelling, which can cause discomfort and even lead to serious complications. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for swollen feet, including swelling on top of the foot.

Diabetes Swollen Feet, often referred to as edema, is a common symptom of the condition. It affects both ankles and the tops of the feet, causing them to become swollen. The severity of this symptom can range from mild to severe, depending on an individual’s level of diabetes control.

What Causes Diabetes Swollen Feet?

The most common cause of diabetic foot swelling is poor blood sugar control. When the body does not have enough insulin to break down sugars, it triggers fluid retention and edema. High blood pressure can also cause diabetes-related foot swelling by preventing the kidneys from properly filtering out excess fluids from the body.

Swelling on top of the foot can occur due to a variety of factors, similar to swelling in the ankles and feet. Edema Diabetes, which is the accumulation of fluid in the tissues, can be a common cause. In addition, high blood sugar levels can damage the nerves and blood vessels in the feet, leading to poor circulation and swelling. Other factors that can contribute to diabetic foot swelling on top of the foot include infections, injuries, side effects of medication, or gout, which is a type of arthritis that can cause sudden and severe pain and swelling in the joint.

Signs and Symptoms:

Swelling on top of the foot can be accompanied by several symptoms, including:

  • Swelling or puffiness on the top of the foot
  • Discoloration or redness of the skin
  • Pain or discomfort in the affected area
  • Tightness in shoes or socks
  • Difficulty walking or standing
  • Slow healing of wounds or sores on the feet

Diabetes Swollen Feet

How to Treat Swollen Feet

Treating diabetes-related foot swelling should begin with improving one’s diabetes control. Tight glycemic control and regular exercise are often advised for people with diabetes, as these can help to reduce fluid retention in the ankles and feet. In addition to lifestyle changes, certain medications may be prescribed by a doctor to help manage foot swelling. This can include diuretics or ACE inhibitors, which reduce fluid buildup and improve circulation in the ankles and feet. Other treatment options may include:

  • Rest and elevation of the foot to reduce swelling
  • Compression stockings or wraps to help reduce swelling
  • Medications to manage underlying conditions such as gout, kidney disease or heart disease
  • Antibiotics to treat infections
  • Wound care for any sores or ulcers on the feet

The treatment for swelling on top of the foot will depend on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. In general, it is important to maintain good blood sugar control through diet, exercise, and medication.

What to Expect at the Doctor’s Office:

Before any medical procedure, your provider will need to take a comprehensive medical history and do a physical exam. This is important in order to assess your overall health and check for possible signs of underlying conditions. Special attention will be placed on your heart, lungs, abdomen, lymph nodes, legs, and feet since any issues with these could potentially be relevant for diagnosis or treatment.

Many questions will be asked to assess the severity of the issues such as whether the swelling happens all the time or worse at certain times of day, whether it can be reduced by specific activities like raising your legs and if you have any other existing symptoms that may point towards a bigger problem. Providers will also check for any possible warning signs such as blood clots or varicose veins. It is essential to reach an accurate diagnosis when it comes to healthcare so make sure to answer all questions honestly and completely.

How to Prevent Diabetic Foot Swelling

Swollen Feet DiabetesPeople with diabetes should also take special care to keep their ankles and feet healthy. This includes inspecting the skin daily for cuts or blisters, using moisture-wicking socks, wearing properly fitting footwear to reduce skin irritation, and avoiding exposure to extreme temperatures. If foot swelling persists despite treatment, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Preventing swelling on top of the foot is an important part of managing diabetes. Some tips to reduce the risk of foot swelling include:

  • Checking the feet regularly for any signs of swelling, redness, or sores
  • Wearing comfortable shoes that fit well and have enough room in the toe box
  • Avoiding tight socks or stockings that can restrict blood flow
  • Maintaining good blood sugar control
  • Staying active to promote circulation
  • Reducing salt intake in the diet, as excess salt can contribute to Edema Diabetes


Diabetic foot swelling on top of the foot, is a common complication of diabetes that can cause discomfort and lead to serious complications if left untreated. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options, individuals with diabetes can take steps to manage their condition and reduce their risk of foot swelling. It is important to work closely with a healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan that meets individual needs.

Taking the necessary steps to improve diabetes control and prevent foot swelling, people with diabetes can enjoy a healthier lifestyle. With proper care and management, diabetic foot swelling can better controlled.

Jenna Kemp
Jenna Kemp
I've posted a review a few times and can't seem to find them! Dr. Monaco is by far the best podiatrist there is! I had been seeing another podiatrist in Columbus, who'd done 3 surgeries, all 3 messing my foot up worse, with the 3rd one leaving my first and second toes in the shape of a peace sign! I was constantly told by the previous podiatrist that everything was fine and lined up the way it was supposed to be. I had my first surgery with Dr. Monaco in August and it was the best decision I've made! She is by far the best! Truly compassionate about what she does! Very knowledgeable! Truly cares about her patients! If you're in need of a podiatrist give Dr. Monaco q call! ❤️
James Tully
James Tully
Very pleasant staff, great doctor.
Charlotte Carter
Charlotte Carter
Very competent and comfortable doctor ! The staff is friendly and helpful ! Best Podiatrist I've ever been to !
Christopher G
Christopher G
I was very impressed with Dr. Monaco this was my first visit. All the office staff was so nice as well as my nurse. I had came to Dr Monaco after being very unhappy with the prior Dr I had seen for my ankle injury. Dr. Monaco was very through with her exam and I think I finally got a good idea of what my issue is. Although I do need some further imaging test. Overall I am so glad I decided to see her, I didn't feel rushed at all and she answered all my questions. I'm sure I will have several more visits with her and overall I am well pleased. I highly recommend her to anyone who's having any foot or ankle issues.
George Rindfleisch
George Rindfleisch
A very positive experience. To be seen by a qualified professional who gets to the heart of your problem quickly and in a friendly manner is always a plus in my book.
Dr. D’Amico is always a pleasure to see. She is a blessing. Thank you Dr. D.
J Marie
J Marie
Staff promot and cordial. Provider took time to explain details of what I was there for and very pleasant to speak with.

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